Drip irrigation systems represent one of the most important technological innovations during modern times. Although its history goes all the way back to the Babylonians who used a simple system of aqueducts to carry water and small clay pots with holes, it didn't hit scale until the development of plastics during and after World War II when it became possible to make flexible and affordable tubing. Water savings frequently exceed 60% but the benefits don't stop there. In general, the slower the water goes into the soil the better, because the slower it goes, the deeper. And the deeper the water, the deeper the roots; the deeper the roots the stronger the plant, the more access it has to nutrients and minerals, the more resistant it becomes to high winds, low and high temperatures. We think of Blumat systems as "the evolution of drip irrigation" because they provide all the same benefits while also automating, adjusting, and fine-tuning the flow rates. Blumat systems do cost more than traditional drip though and so we offer these systems and components for tighter budgets and certain specific applications.